Why AI Regulation Requires a Pragmatic Approach, According to Expert
Regulating artificial intelligence (AI) is a challenging task that cannot be handled in a sweeping manner, according to Andres Sawicki, a prominent expert in the field and a professor of law at the University of Miami. Sawicki opposes the idea of creating a new government agency to regulate AI, which is gaining traction among lawmakers. Instead, he suggests a more pragmatic and piecemeal approach that focuses on specific impacts and effects of AI on various issues.
Debate Over the Need for a Federal AI Regulatory Agency
The idea of establishing a new federal agency specifically for regulating AI is gaining momentum on Capitol Hill. Senator Michael Bennet, D-Colo., recently proposed legislation that would create such an agency. OpenAI CEO Sam Altman also testified to a Senate Judiciary Subcommittee about the need for government oversight of AI technologies. Several senators from both parties expressed support for the establishment of a federal AI agency. However, Sawicki argues that uncertainty surrounding the future of AI makes it difficult to create comprehensive regulations.
Uncertainty Surrounding AI Technology
Uncertainty is a defining characteristic of AI technology, according to Sawicki. While the current state of AI is impressive, it is still relatively early in terms of industrial organization and geopolitical implications. The rapid pace of development means that how AI looks today may be completely different in the near future. One of the goals in regulating AI should be to foster openness and competitiveness, as current leaders in the field may not maintain their positions in the future.
Concerns About AI’s Impact on Humanity
One of the key questions surrounding AI is whether it will ultimately benefit or harm humanity. Industry leaders, scientists, and professors have issued warnings about potential risks associated with AI, including the risk of extinction. Sawicki acknowledges these concerns but also emphasizes the potential benefits of AI. While there is a dystopian vision of AI in popular culture, such as the “Terminator” franchise, it is unlikely to become a reality with the current state of the technology. The focus should be on harnessing the opportunities presented by AI while being mindful of potential negative outcomes.
The Role of Humans in AI Regulation
Sawicki highlights the importance of human involvement in AI regulation. Humans are the mediators between AI and the physical world, and they can act malevolently. It is not just the AI technology itself that should be a cause for concern but also the actions of those who create and operate AI systems. Understanding the role of humans in AI development and ensuring responsible use is crucial in addressing potential risks.
Economic Disruptions and Job Losses
AI is expected to cause economic disruptions and job losses, similar to previous technological advancements. Sawicki draws a parallel to the Industrial Revolution, where job losses were offset by the overall benefits brought about by technological advancements. While certain jobs may be replaced by AI, it is unlikely to lead to a complete societal transformation. The focus should be on understanding and managing these disruptions rather than resisting technological progress.
The AI Race and Achieving Supremacy
The race for AI supremacy, particularly against competitors like China, is of significant importance. However, it is not comparable to traditional arms races between rival nations. According to Sawicki, being the leader in AI technology would be advantageous for the United States, but it should not be viewed solely as a race for dominance. The dynamics of the AI race differ from those of a traditional arms race, and a more nuanced approach is necessary.
Regulating AI requires a pragmatic approach that focuses on specific impacts and effects rather than creating a new government agency. The future of AI is uncertain, and regulations must foster openness and competitiveness. While concerns about AI’s potential risks are valid, the technology also holds great promise. Humans play a crucial role in the responsible development and use of AI systems. Economic disruptions caused by AI should be managed, and achieving AI supremacy requires a nuanced understanding of the technology landscape.